“SHEEP AND WOOL FOR EASTERN MARKET.
Boston, Oct. 5, 1854.
Editors Cultivator :—After having shipped my own clip of wool and some of my neighbor’s clips for Boston, I shipped a lot of fat sheep for New York market, on the 23d of August, all of which have been sold, and my past opinion confirmed, that for the great majority of Ohio wool growers, the merinos and their grades are the most profitable sheep, and will for some time continue to be so. We want a sheep that combines as much as possible of size, constitution and wool yielding properties.
The advocates of the little slender constitutioned Saxons, have said when their neighbors have got nearly or quite as high price per pound as they do for their clip of wool, that it was in consequence of the ignorance of the Ohio wool buyers, not knowing the relative value ; that when the wool got into the hands of the manufacturer, then the right distinction would be made. Well, I have been about one month testing that very thing. I have had 20 different clips of wool opened and sorted, have had them examined by wool dealers and manufacturers over and over, for the wool market is very dull indeed, and the result is that three-fourths blood merino Ohio wool, is worth 35 to 36 cents, while the very finest clips of Washington county, Pa., and Harrison county, Ohio, is selling at 37 to 38 cents. I know that wool is quoted higher, but I also know that there is enough wool in Boston to be bought at those prices. Fancy clips may, under favorable circumstances of each kind, command other prices.
Now every wool grower knows or ought to know that the weight of fleece and the price of mutton, &c, are all on the side of the merino, and at such a scale of prices are the most profitable. Just now in Boston is a good time to ascertain the relative value of wool. The buyers are in no haste, they take it coolly, and examine carefully, and certainly when Saml. Lawrence and his compeers are the buyers, the charge of ignorance won’t lie. If it is money that the wool growers are after, I think the Saxon and those Silesian sheep that I have seen do not yield it quite fast enough. As to the Leicestershire and Cotswold, if a man wants to raise mutton, they are the sheep without a doubt; they have the qualities for feeding. The prices of wool is merely nominal, and the present and future dark.
Yours, J. R. Ware,
Of Mechanicsburg, Champaign Co., Ohio.”
The Ohio Cultivator, Vol. 10, by B.M. Bateham, 1854, page 327