Military Information Particular to Mississippi During the Civil War

Company G, Black Hawk Rifles, of Carroll County, mustered into State service at Black Hawk 30 April, 1861.

Third Lieutenant—John B. Ware.


The Thirty-eighth, with the Fourth, Sixth, and Fourteenth (Confederate) Cavalry, formed the brigade of Colonel Mabry, in the Tupelo campaign of July, 1864. The regiment moved from Saltillo, July 9, to Ellistown, Major R. C. McCay commanding, was held in reserve during the skirmishing near Pontotoc on the 12th; on the 13th took part in the skirmishing with the Federal rear guard as Gen. A. J. Smith’s command moved toward Tupelo, until 2 o’clock in the morning of the 14th. At Harrisburg Smith faced about and went into a strong line of battle on a ridge across the road. Lieut.-Gen. S. D. Lee and Maj.-Gen. Forrest were both with the Confederate troops and an assault was ordered, in which Mabry’s Brigade was distinguished on the left flank, moving forward under a heavy fire of artillery and small arms, but the whole Confederate attack was repulsed with great loss. All the regimental officers of the brigade and nearly all the company officers of three regiments were killed or wounded. The casualties of the Thirty-eighth were the heaviest of the brigade.

In this battle of Harrisburg, July 14, 1864, Major R. C. McCay, commanding the regiment, was killed, and Adjutant W. L. Ware mortally wounded.


After this, Stewart’s Corps destroyed the railroad between Resaca and Dalton. French’s Division captured the blockhouse at Tilton, October 13, and next was in battle before the Federal works at Decatur, October 26-29, moving thence to Tuscumbia. They crossed the Tennessee River November 20, marched against Schofield’s Federal command at Columbia, and on November 29 moved with Stewart’s Corps toward Spring Hill, marching till late that night under confusing orders. They followed closely upon the Federal troops as they retreated to Franklin on the Harpeth River, and attacked them in a strong position about four in the evening, December 30. The first line was carried, but in advancing across an open space against the second line of works, the Confederate troops were exposed to a destructive crossfire of artillery, and the attack failed with a terrible loss of life. Some of Sears’ Brigade pressed forward to the ditch around the inner line of works, where many of them remained, separated from the enemy only by the parapet, until the Federal army withdrew. Among these “foremost of the forlorn hope” were the following of the Thirty-ninth: …Corporal J. S. Ware (w). …



Company G, Agency Rifles, of Oktibbeha County, mustered into State service at Choctaw Agency 20 April, 1861.

Captains—John M. Ware, to December 25;…


Company B, enlisted July, 1864.

Third Lieutenant—James A. Ware.


Company D, Newton Hornets, of Newton County, organized 19 April, 1862.

First Lieutenant—J. A. Ware.

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