Alice Lucy Ware Armstrong (1876 – 1952)

A Short Biography of Cape Cod Artist

Alice Lucy Ware Armstrong by granddaughter Junardi Armstrong


Alice Ware Armstrong was born in Worcester, MA on October 6, 1876 to Elizabeth Hoxie Ware and Justin Arthur Ware.



She is descended from Joseph Hoxie 3d (MA State Representative) and Mary Holway of Sandwich, MA and Alonzo L. Ware (bookmaker) and Lucy M. Farrar of Holden, MA.


At the age of eighteen mos. she lost her hearing due to inflammation in her ears. Her parents refused to let that dominate her life and so never wavered in their commitment to give her as normal a life as possible. Her first formal schooling was at Clark School for the Deaf at Smith College in Northampton, MA, from 1881 through her graduation in 1893. Her murals in Baker Hall “gave pleasure to the children there”. Alice also studied with Bessie S. Lathrop, a noted woodworking teacher.

Alice’s hand carved secretary desk in her room at home.


Because of her gregarious nature and social skills, Alice was chosen to hostess Alexander Graham Bell when he visited. Helen Keller befriended her while there and later visited her as a young mother at Meadow Spring Farm, her home on Cape Cod. She attended Moses Brown School in RI. the Worcester Museum of Fine Arts School, the Boston Museum of Fine Arts School and The Cowles Art School in Boston. One of her oil paintings,“ Woman in A Red Dress”, was accepted into the 71st Exhibition at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts Exhibition of 1902, along with Winslow Homer, John Singer Sargent, J. McNeil Whistler, Maxfield Parrish, Mary Cassatt, and Jessie Wilcox Smith.

Justin and Lizzy presented Alice into Worcester society as a young debutant and early photos show that she had a rich and varied social life, including theater play, trips to the beach and painting outings.

She lived at a time when her disability rendered her “deaf and dumb” and an outsider to those not in her inner circle of friends and family. There was still a stigma attached to being deaf in the culture at that time.


Her early life as a wife and mother was a rather idyllic and peaceful farm life on Cape Cod a mile walk through the woods, bogs and beyond the dunes to their own private beach on Cape Cod Bay.




She continued her painting and taught her children in many media while mentoring her cousin Rachel Kaufman who became a recognized fine artist.


Meadow Spring Farm


Meadow Spring was a dairy farm and David delivered milk as far away as Hyannis Port. Their oldest son Donald, after having adenoid surgery, came home with Diphtheria he’d contracted when an epidemic spread through the Boston Hospital. I later discovered in family letters that there had been an outbreak at the hospital and the administration was afraid of causing a panic, so they didn’t report it right away. He died tragically at the age of 12 in their quarantined home. Later, their youngest child, Dorcas, had a serious knee injury and spent years having multiple surgeries at the Boston Hospital even attending the Hospital High School.


After Alice’s parents died, the family’s funds ran out. Alice began selling handmade items at her friend Ann Wells Munger’s gallery, “The Sign of the Pines” in South Wellfleet, on the Cape. She then taught herself to weave and began selling her weaving’s.  She had two to three stand up looms in the house at one time, and wove bed coverlets, rugs, shawls, bags, and scarves while keeping detailed records of her work and sales. Her pieces began to sell and help pay off some of the medical bills. At that time she was also initiating a fund raising campaign for her alma mater Clarke School.  Alice kept records in all her works including pigments and how she mixed them, recipes for cements, wood coloring and modeling clay, stenciling and mosaics. Her weaving’s were described in “House Beautiful” of December 1927, as: “lovely coloring of the hand-woven cover… It goes through the whole rainbow of deep pastel shades, from a soft-violet to a very deep rose so that wherever you might place it you could find an answering note of color.” Frequently, her weaving’s were exhibited at the Sandwich and Barnstable County Fairs, as well as in shops around MA and NY. I’m not sure of the year, but she opened a weaving shop at the Daniel Webster Inn with the intention of enlisting the women of Sandwich in creating a cottage industry in weaving to offset the closing of the Sandwich Glass Company. That venture failed after almost a year. She then returned home and continued to create and sell weaving’s for many years.


Standard Times article


Alice was a member of a women’s writers group who met regularly and published in the Cedarville Journal.


Alice writing in her garden


Alice was member of the Cape Cod Artists Society and of the Boston Arts and Crafts Society co-founded by her close friend and cousin Mary Ware Dennett (another Ware who was responsible in large part for the Comstock laws to be changed in the early 1900’s). * See The Sex Side of Life by Constance M. Chen, The New Press, NY (biography of Mary Ware Dennett)


Alice driving her rubber wheeled surrey.


As a wife and mother she canned the farm’s fruits and vegetables, and made cheese and butter, all the while encouraging her children in the arts. A Cape Cod artist, feminist, freethinker, and mother of four at a time when the deaf were often isolated from society, Alice was a unique and inspiring woman. She kept many letters, records and journals. Some of which survive today. Meadow Spring Farm was sold in 1995 after being in the family for three hundred years. Her artwork, letters, journals, record keeping and personal artifacts are still in the possession of the family members. Our hope is that there might be some interest in preserving her work in an archive. Her works in oil, pastel, watercolor, charcoal, and woodcarving is still held by the family. I’ve been inspired by her work, her letters, her journals and her life for most of my own life and feel it would be a travesty for her life story and work to be lost. I have no doubt it would inspire others.




Alice Lucy Ware Armstrong (1876 – 1952) — 13 Comments

  1. Very helpful biography.
    If the family has not yet found an appropriate archive for these papers, may I suggest the Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, located at Radcliffe. It is an exceptional research archive.

  2. Hello webmaster,
    I wonder if you could help me get in touch with Sharon Spaulding who is writing a biography of Mary Ware Dennett. I’m writing about her cousin, Alice Lucy Ware Armstrong.
    Thanks very much!

  3. Hello,
    I am researching Alice Ware Armstrong for a brief biography I am writing for the Sandwich Glass Museum’s upcoming exhibit of her collection. Any and all information would be much appreciated, the sooner, the better since I have a deadline to meet. I’m particularly interested in journal entries.
    Thanks very much!

  4. Hello,
    I would just like to begin by saying this is not me being critical but I wanted to share a few small things with you so that your page was more accurate. Alice would have attended Clarke School for the Deaf which is actually not a part of Smith College. They are two separate schools. However, Smith does have a Master’s Program that specializes in Deaf Education that is currently in it’s last year.
    Clarke’s website is Please feel free to check it out for more information. Hope this helps!

  5. Finally, In June of this year, I delivered her archive to two locations for preservation.
    AN ARTICLE can be accessed here showing where the majority of her work and artifacts went: The rest went to the Sandwich Historical Society and Glass Museum in Sandwich, MA

    A labor of love completed. Thanks one and all for your comments.

  6. How awesome the art of writing has enabled you all to reach out to one another and to the past generations. I love the history letters and journals provide, something email could never do. The artwork was recently donated to Gallaudet, my employer, and I cannot wait until it is restored and shared with the community. Continue dropping an old-fashioned letter in the mail. I love it.

  7. Alice was my Great Grandmother. It would be lovely for other family members to reach out and connect.

  8. What a treat to discover this site and all the wonderful history and photos. I married one of Mary Ware Dennett’s great grandsons and am now working on a biography of her. Some of her papers were donated to the Schlesinger Library in 1989, but most, including her most personal journals and papers are now in my basement. I have copied almost the entire collection so as not to continually handle the originals. My collection starts in 1865 with Mary’s mother, Livonia Coffin Ames, and then picks up steam in 1865 when she married George Whitfield Ware, Justin’s brother. George died of cancer in 1882. I have a few of Justin’s letters to George as they appeared to be quite close and of course, their children were very close. Do you know what year Alice attended the Boston Museum School? Mary Ware graduated in 1893, went to Philadelphia as a professor of design at Drexel for three years and then returned to Boston where she co-founded the Boston Arts and Crafts Society. She married Hartley Dennett in 1900, they separated in 1908 and the divorce was final in 1913. I am curious to know more about Justin and what type of work he did. I am wondering if he was a partner of George’s in his wool and hide business in Lavaca and then San Antonio, Tex. Any more details about Justin would be appreciated. Thank you!

  9. Dorcas was my Uncle Floyd Stevens’ wife. It was so nice to read about her wonderfully talented mother and helped me to understand her better. Dorcas was a great letter writer and keeper of family records. Thanks to her and Judy Rock, my family tree is extensive. I hope you succeed with your project. I hope you can read this. I can’t see to correct it.

  10. Amazing!
    My grandfather Thomas Hollingsworth Sillitoe Holway was born in Worcester in 1881.
    And the pic of your grandmother is very similar to me at that age.

  11. Actually, I have a mission to preserve her archive. I’ve been in touch with the Cape Cod Museum of Art, the Worcester Historical Museum and Clark School for the Deaf at Smith. Will now try the Boston Museum of Art as well as the Worcester Museum of Art where she attended school. So far, other than donating one of her paintings to Clark for their fundraiser and getting information from their historian, I’ve struck out. There’s a body of oil, pastel, watercolor and charcoal work as well as a few carved wood pieces. Also, photographs, journals, notebooks, writing tools, fine carving tools etc. I’m open for suggestions.

  12. Excellent research along with photographs. You did some work on this one Vicki. You definitely have a nose for digging up the past.

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